Visual Analysis, Critical Media Studies, Protests, Images of Protestors, Russia
Beginning in December 2011, the Russian media has become a site for the construction of a particular metalanguage, through which journalists describe the current political context in general and the imaginaries of the protest movement in particular as a revolution of the “creative (middle) class.” The artiﬁcially generated opposition of categories of participants’ backgrounds in oppositional and progovernment protests circulates in “ofﬁcial,” government-controlled and “independent,” liberal media outlets alike. In these circumstances of the mediatization of society, political struggle is conducted with the help of concrete images. Many “successful” images turn out to have been structured in accordance with predetermined political goals. Similar to the nineteenth century government practice of mobilizing engravings for the purposes of crystallizing national identity and the ﬁgure of the “enemy” during wartime, in the twenty-ﬁrst century videos and photographs deployed by television and print media shape the message of the schismogenesis between “us” and “them.” In Russian.