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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • Manuscripts of research articles, essays, review essays, and field notes must include 1) a title page; 2) an abstract (250–300 words) and keywords (in English and, if possible, in Russian); 3) the body of the article; 4) footnotes; 5) a list of references, used in the manuscript, with sources in Cyrillic transliterated into Latin characters according to the guidelines of the Library of Congress of the United States but omitting the "connection tie" [ ⁀ ] wherever it is used; 6) a list of interviews or other sources (e.g., archives)—if appropriate; 7) tables and illustrations—if appropriate.
    Book reviews submissions need only include the text and a minimal list of references (sources in Cyrillic need to be transliterated only if the book review is in English).

  • Research articles and review essays should normally not exceed 10,000 words not counting footnotes and references. Essays may be around 7,000 words, field notes up to 4,000–5,000 words long, and book reviews should average 1,700 words.

  • All copy must be typed in a common font (for example, Times New Roman) of 12-point size, except for footnotes, block quotes, and captions to tables, figures, and so on, which should be in 10-point size. All text, including footnotes and references, should be at, at least, 1.5-line spacing.

  • All research article submissions are anonymized, with all information potentially identifying authors removed from the main body of the manuscripts. Submissions in other genres do not need to be anonymized as they do not undergo peer review.

Laboratorium welcomes submissions of original work in empirical social research, broadly defined. Submissions are accepted in English or Russian. Please indicate whether you are submitting your paper in response to a thematic call for papers or as a stand-alone piece.

Manuscript submission, peer review, and editing for publication are done entirely through the online management center, Open Journal Systems. To submit a manuscript using this system, authors need to register and login at the Laboratorium website. Please contact managing editor Oksana Parfenova if you experience any problems or have any questions regarding the submission process.

In submitting your work to Laboratorium, you guarantee that:

a) your article, in whole or in part, has not been published or submitted for print or electronic publication elsewhere, in any language, nor will it be submitted to any other publication until the Laboratorium editorial board renders a decision on its publication;

b) the article represents your own work and does not include unattributed passages from work by other authors. If your submission or any part thereof is found to contain plagiarism, the editors reserve the right to refuse publication and to publicize the instance of plagiarism. If the study you report on is the result of collective research, all members of the research team must be indicated either as coauthors or appropriately acknowledged in a note at the beginning of the paper.

When submitting a paper to Laboratorium, please make sure that the entire submission, including bibliography, is formatted according to our standards. For English texts, we use the American Sociological Association (ASA) style. Bibliographical software such as EndNote or Zotero can automatically produce an ASA-style list of references.

If manuscripts do not conform to the specified format, authors will be expected to correct them at some stage before their final acceptance.

Detailed instructions for manuscript preparation are as follows:

1. The title page should include the manuscript’s full title and names and institutional affiliations of all authors. Provide work address and e-mail address of all authors. This information will be published. Acknowledgments, information about funding sources, and other relevant information should be mentioned here.

2. The abstract (250–300 words) and keywords (5–9 words) should be on a separate page headed by the title. Omit author identification.

3. Begin the text of your manuscript on a new page. Include the title but not author identification.

a. To ensure blind peer review, article submissions should be anonymized, with all author information removed from file headers, the main text, self-references, and the reference list. In in-text citations author’s name should be replaced with “Author” (e.g.,  [Author 2014]); same should be done in the list of references, omitting full titles and other identifying information of the author’s publications.

b. It is helpful if the article is split into several sections, each with its own heading. Longer sections in turn can be broken into shorter parts with their own subheadings.

c. Set off long quotations (more than 300 characters, or 50 words) using 10-point font in a separate, indented paragraph without quotations marks.

d. For in-text citations include the last name of the author and year of publication—and page numbers where necessary or helpful to the reader. Identify subsequent citations of the same source in a consistent fashion.

* If author’s name is in the text, follow it with year in parentheses: Sassen (1996).

* If author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses (without separating them by a comma): (Lévy 2008).

* Give both last names for joint authors: (King and Sznajder 2006).

* Citing works by multiple authors, provide all last names on the first citation; thereafter use “et al.” in the citation: (Eyal, Szelényi, and Townsley 1998). And later: (Eyal et al. 1998).

* If a work has more than three authors, use “et al.” in the first citation, as well as in all subsequent citations.

* Separate a series of references by different authors with a semicolon: (Kallen 1915; Alexander 2006) or by the same author—with a comma: (Goldberg 2009, 2011). If citing multiple sources, order them alphabetically or chronologically, using the same system throughout the entire manuscript.

* For institutional authorship, supply minimum identification from the beginning of the complete citation: (Institute for Survey Research 1976:11).

* If the work is not published (yet) use “N.d.” or “forthcoming” for material scheduled for publication: Ivanov (N.d.) and Petrov (forthcoming).

* Page number follows year of publication after a colon with no space between them: (Bellah et al. 2008:viii) or Breslauer (1990:17).

* If you cite consecutively from the same source, it is sufficient to give just page numbers for the second and all subsequent consecutive citations.

* Use an en-dash (–) when providing page ranges: (Machiavelli 1996:26–27).

* The numbers in page ranges should be written out in full: 134–137, not 134-37.

4. Footnotes in the text should be numbered consecutively throughout the article with superscript Arabic numerals. If a footnote is referred to again later in the text, use a parenthetical note “(See footnote 3).” Use footnotes to explain or amplify text or to cite materials of limited availability (e.g., field notes, archival materials, or interviews).

5. References follow the text in a section headed “References.” All bibliographic material used in the text must be listed in references and vice versa. References to blogs, audio and visual materials, and materials of limited availability preferably should be referenced in footnotes and in that case not included in the references list. If such sources comprise the empirical data set for the article, they can be recorded in a separate list (under the heading “Sources”) to follow the list of references.

Bibliographic information for each source must be complete and correct. Type references alphabetically by author. In-text citations and reference lists have to comply with the guidelines of the American Sociological Association (complete style and formatting instructions can be found in: American Sociological Association. 2019. American Sociological Association Style Guide. 6th edition. Washington, DC: ASA).

Special Notes:

Be especially thorough with non-Russian and non-English language publications: editors, copyeditor, and proofreaders don’t necessarily read the same languages as you do. Diacritical marks, which are common in French, German, Hungarian, and other languages, must be reproduced if they appear in the names/titles in the original publication (e.g., “Hans-Peter Müller,” not “Muller”; or “István Szántó,” not “Istvan Szanto”).

If there are two or more items by the same author(s), list them in order of year of publication from the earliest to the latest. If two or more works are by the same author(s) within the same year, distinguish them by adding the letters a, b, c, etc. to the year. List such works in alphabetical order by title.

Authors’ names should be listed in full, except for cases where only initials are listed on the publication being referenced, and the author cannot reconstruct it from researching other publications. For multiple authorship, only the name of the first author is inverted (e.g. “Alba, Richard, and Victor Nee”). Even in cases of more than three authors, list all authors’ names (if all authors are listed in the referenced work).

If you cite a translated or repeat edition of a title, list the original publication date in brackets, followed by the publication date of the version used.

Book titles and journal names are give in italics; titles of book chapters and journal articles are put in quotation marks. In publication titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words in titles and subtitles and all other major words (such as nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs). Subtitles of articles, books, and book chapters should be separated from the titles with a colon.

When providing books’ place of publication, list not only cities but also abbreviationsf or American states or names of countries if the publishers are located in lesser known cities. For example: Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press; Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. But: New York: Verso; Berkeley: University of California Press.

Articles and books obtained from the internet are cited the same way as their print editions, except their page numbers are omitted and the URL (http://…) is included. For other online resources, links to specific materials, not website homepages, are to be cited. Access dates should be included only with sources that do not themselves have a specific publication date. For recent journal articles (published since 2010 or so) Digital Object Identifier (doi) should be included.


* Books and edited volumes

Bellah, Robert N., Richard Madsen, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, and Steven M. Tipton. [1985] 2008. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gross, Jan T. 2001. Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Calhoun, Craig, ed. 2007. Sociology in America: A History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

* Book chapters

Degage, Alain. 1985. “Le Port de Sète: Proue Méditerreanéenne du Canal de Riquet.” Pp. 265–306 in Le Canal du Midi, Vol. 4, ed. by Jean-Denis Bergasse. Cessenon, France: J. D. Bergasse.

* Journal articles

Goffman, Alice. 2009. “On the Run: Wanted Men in a Philadelphia Ghetto.” American Sociological Review 74(3):339–357. doi:10.1177/000312240907400301.

Katovich, Michael A., and Carl J. Couch. 1992. “The Nature of Social Pasts and Their Uses as Foundations for Situated Action.” Symbolic Interaction 15(1):25–48.

* Articles from e-resources

Schafer, Daniel W., and Fred L. Ramsey. 2003. “Teaching the Craft of Data Analysis.” Journal of Statistics Education 11(1). http://jse.amstat.org/v11n1/schafer.html.


Roth-Ey, Kristin. 2003. “Mass Media and the Remaking of Soviet Culture, 1950s–1960s.” PhD dissertation, Department of History, Princeton University.

*Web pages

ASA (American Sociological Association). 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. http://www.asanet.org/about-asa/governance/asa-committees.

Ray, Victor. 2018. “The Racial Politics of Citation.” Conditionally Accepted (blog), Inside Higher Ed, April 27. https://www.insidehighered.com/advice/2018/04/27/racial-exclusions-scholarly-citations-opinion.

* Articles from newspapers and magazines

print versions

Anderson, Elijah. 1994. “The Code of the Streets.” Atlantic Monthly, May, 81–94.

online versions

Roth, Andrew. 2012. “A Flock Too Stubborn for Even Putin to Control.” New York Times, October 10. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/11/world/europe/putins-cranes-fail-to-migrate-and-turn-back.html?_r=1&ref=world.


6. Interviews cited in the manuscript should be referenced in a separate list (entitled “Interviews List”). It can include: names, initials, or pseudonyms of informants, as well as their socio-demographic and/or professional characteristics that are relevant for your study and the date and place of the interview. Note that the information provided should not compromise the anonymity of the informants.

Archival materials can also be listed separately. Be sure to indicate name, date, and location of the source; follow one of the conventionally accepted formats of citation for archival sources (e.g., Chicago Manual of Style or ASA Style Guide).

7. Number tables and figures consecutively throughout the text and type each on a separate sheet at the end. Insert a note in the text to indicate the placement: “Fig. 1 about here” or “Table 2 about here.” All tables must include a descriptive title and headings for columns and rows; all figures should be accompanied by a caption. Illustrations should be provided in high resolution (300 dpi for photographs). Authors should secure permission to reproduce any copyrighted material prior to its publication in Laboratorium.